- Simple Queries (4)
- Setting criteria using WHERE (5)
- Calculations (7)
- Calculations using dates (4)
- Basic joins (8)
- More exotic joins (2)
- Aggregation and grouping (8)
- Views (5)
- Subqueries (5)
- Stored procedures (5)
- Variables (8)
- Parameters and return values (11)
- Testing conditions (1)
- Looping (3)
- Scalar functions (6)
- Transactions (5)
- Creating tables (5)
- Temporary tables and table variables (9)
- Table-valued functions (6)
- Derived tables and CTEs (13)
- Dynamic SQL (4)
- Pivots (2)
- Triggers (2)
- Archived (70)
SQL | Variables exercise | Create a comma-delimited list of events for a year
This exercise is provided to allow potential course delegates to choose the correct Wise Owl Microsoft training course, and may not be reproduced in whole or in part in any format without the prior written consent of Wise Owl.
You can learn how to do this exercise if you attend one of more of the courses listed below!
- Go into SQL Server Management Studio;
- Open the SQL file you've just unzipped (you can press CTRL + O to do this); then
- Execute this script.
This will generate the database that you'll need to use in order to do this exercise (note that the database and script are only to be used for exercises published on this website, and may not be reused or distributed in any form without the prior written permission of Wise Owl).
You need a minimum screen resolution of about 700 pixels width to see our exercises. This is because they contain diagrams and tables which would not be viewable easily on a mobile phone or small laptop. Please use a larger tablet, notebook or desktop computer, or change your screen resolution settings.
Write a SQL statement which brings back the top 3 events in your year of birth, in event name order. You will need to use the YEAR function in the WHERE clause to do this, together with SELECT TOP 3 and an ORDER BY clause:
The events that you should return if you are ridiculously young enough to be born in 1992.
Running the SELECT statement will generate a number of rows, but variables can only hold one. What we'd really like to do is to join the events into a single string variable:
Much more compressed!
To do this, first create a VARCHAR variable (called @EventsInYear, say) to hold the event names.
Now amend your SQL statement so that it sets this variable to hold the concatenated event names. The syntax for getting this list to build can be tricky. Instead of simply putting variable = value, you need to set the variable equal to itself plus the value:
@Variable = @Variable + Column + ', '
This stops each new row from replacing the previous variable value, and instead adds text on to the last value (hence accumulating a list).
If the value of @Variable reads NULL when you show it at the end, try setting its initial value to a blank string.
Optionally save this query as Eventful Year.sql, then close it down.