Exercise: Create classes to facilitate writing your shopping list

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Category ==> Visual Basic  (45 exercises)
Topic ==> Creating classes  (4 exercises)
Level ==> Relatively easy
Course ==> Adv VB | Classes & LINQ
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Right-click on your project in Solution Explorer and choose to add the form from the above folder (you can alternatively press SHIFT + ALT + A ).

Blank form

The initial form. The idea is that when you type in an item and click on the Add Item button, it will be added to the list on the right.

First add code to the Cancel button so that clicking on it closes the form.

Remember that you can use me to refer to the current form.

Create a class called ShoppingList.  Within this, create 3 simple properties, to hold the item name, unit and amount.  Here's an example for the item name:

'item name property

Private _ItemName As String = ""

Public Property ItemName As String

Get

Return _ItemName

End Get

Set(value As String)

_ItemName = value

End Set

End Property

You should now be able to attach code to the Add Item button which:

  • Creates a new instance of your ShoppingList class;
  • Sets the item name, unit and amount properties.

The only thing you need to add now is the code to add the item to the textbox on the right of the form.  To do this you could add a public method to your class, which passes in the textbox to which you want to add text:

Public Sub Add(ListTextBox As TextBox)

'add a blank line if appropriate

If ListTextBox.Text.Length > 0 Then _

ListTextBox.Text &= vbCrLf

'add item to the list of items

ListTextBox.Text &= Amount.ToString("0.00") & _

" " & Unit & " of " & ItemName

End Sub

Make sure that you call this method at the end of your Add Item button code, and test your system to check that it accumulates items to buy:

Shopping list

You'll gradually accumulate items in your list.

 

Test that your system works, then close the form down (don't worry for now that this will then lose your shopping list!). 

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