Exercise: Create a comma-delimited list of events for a year

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Category ==> SQL  (192 exercises)
Topic ==> Variables  (8 exercises)
Level ==> Harder than average
Course ==> Advanced SQL
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Write a SQL statement which brings back the top 3 events in your year of birth, in event name order. You will need to use the YEAR function in the WHERE clause to do this, together with SELECT TOP 3 and an ORDER BY clause:

Events in 1992

The events that you should return if you are ridiculously young enough to be born in 1992.

 

Running the SELECT statement will generate a number of rows, but variables can only hold one.  What we'd really like to do is to join the events into a single string variable:

Events in single list

Much more compressed!

To do this, first create a VARCHAR variable (called @EventsInYear, say) to hold the event names.

Now amend your SQL statement so that it sets this variable to hold the concatenated event names.  The syntax for getting this list to build can be tricky. Instead of simply putting variable = value, you need to set the variable equal to itself plus the value:

@Variable = @Variable + Column + ', '

This stops each new row from replacing the previous variable value, and instead adds text on to the last value (hence accumulating a list).

If the value of @Variable reads NULL when you show it at the end, try setting its initial value to a blank string.

Optionally save this query as Eventful Year.sql, then close it down.

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